[amsat-bb] QFHA for SO-50... polarization issue ???

Ing. Pavel Milanes Costa pavel at conas.cu
Sat Feb 16 20:21:30 PST 2013

This weekend I tested a Quadrifiliar Helicoidal Antenna for 70cm (LHCP)

I designed it by the online calculations of jcoppens on the internet...

It is a 1/2 turn and 1 lambda, about 5 meters of elevation with ~25 cm 
of RG-58U (a section of it is coiled to form a balum) and then ~15 
meters of A.H. LDF4-50A down to the shack directly to the radio, of 
course BNC to N adapter on the antenna and N to PL259 on the radio 
side... It's at mast top.

Results are good... In passes of over 20 degrees (almost the real 
horizon here) I have a good copy, until... TCA, in which I lost the 
signal completely...

TCA = Time of Closest Approach.

In northbound passes (I've not tested it in southbound) it work as I 
just said...

I have been reading and investigating this strange issue and I think it 
is due to polarization...

I had read that SO-50 is linear polarized on 2m AND 70cm with aprox 45 
degrees each other...

Then Linear to LHCP in the worst case is 3dB loss (half power) but 
consistent over the entire pass... or have SO-50 some 
circular/elliptical component in it's signals that renders useless the 
antenna after TCA? spin maybe?

There is any chapter of the book I missed or other variable(s) that I 
have not taking into account here?

Any comment, link or other kinds of help are welcomed..

73 de CO7WT.

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