[amsat-bb] Re: Circular Polarized Antennae

i8cvs domenico.i8cvs at tin.it
Thu Aug 26 06:42:45 PDT 2010

----- Original Message -----
From: "Spectrum International, Inc" <spectrum.ma.ultranet at rcn.com>
To: "John Hackett_LA2QAA" <archie.hackett at hotmail.com>
Cc: <la2qaa at amsat.org>; "AMSAT-BB" <amsat-bb at amsat.org>
Sent: Wednesday, August 25, 2010 4:49 PM
Subject: [amsat-bb] Circular Polarized Antennae

< Snip >

> There is however one (and only one that I am aware of)
> antenna design that is circular polarized over its entire radiation
> pattern. I refer you to the Q_uadrifilar Helix Antenna_ described by Dr.
> C.C.Kilgus in IEEE Trans., Vol. AP-16, July 1968, pp. 499-500. Also
> Bricker, R.W. and Rickert, H.H.,  in RCA Engineer, Vol.20, No. 5,
> February/March 1975. There is an excellent review by Walter Maxwell,
> W2DU, at http://www.IAG.net/~w2du/quadfinal.pdf.
>              When installed pointing to the zenith, the "ideal,
> theoretical" Quad Helix has 360 degree coverage in the azimuthal plane
> and 90 degree coverage in the elevation plane. It is circularly
> polarized over the entire upper hemisphere. There is no radiation in the
> lower hemi-sphere; the energy in the lower hemi-sphere of an isotropic
> radiator is uniformly distributed over the upper hemi-sphere. Hence the
> gain of an "ideal" Quad Helix is 3.01 dBi. However you can modify the
> elevation pattern to give more gain at the horizon and less gain
> overhead by adjustment of the overall length to diameter ratio. It is
> possible to adjust this ratio to give constant signal amplitude, at an
> earth based receiving station, from a satellite in a circular orbit
> where the range ratio (and hence signal path attenuation) between AOS
> and the zenith can be significant. This results in a little radiation
> below the horizon and also avoids the nasty mathematical boundary value
> problem at the horizon in the ideal case.
>                 Regards,     Spectrum.

Hi Spectrum International,Inc

What you stated is absolutely correct and in my opinion the best
comprehensive article written over the Quadrifilar Helix Antennas by
Walter Maxell W2DU in his book "REFLECTIONS Transmission Lines
and Antennas" is the following one:


Best 73" de

i8CVS Domenico

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